Isnin, 27 Mei 2013

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History of Chinese immigration to Tanah Melayu

Posted: 26 May 2013 12:53 PM PDT 

Without Melayu support for them, most of them would not have survived a week living in Tanah Melayu.

Mansor Puteh

It was the Great Famine in South China in the early Nineteenth Century which drove many young Chinese to leave the country to come to Tanah Melayu or Malaya and Nusantara Melayu or Southeast Asia, in droves, sailing in junks, which were all wind-powered.

Only much later, the Chinese women started to join the men, i.e. when steamships were introduced, making the sailing time from South China to Southeast Asia shorter and more bearable to the women.

The Great Famine may be the main reason for the Chinese to come to Southeast Asia or 'Nanyang' – meaning 'South Seas'

There are basically two other reasons for the Chinese men to flee from South China, and they are because of their involvement in the Triads and for being hounded by the Manchus, especially on those who were strong supporters of the Ching Dynasty ruler who lost to the Manchus to rule China.

I wrote this book, 'The Sinkek' as a personal tribute to some of my ancestors who too had come from that country.

And from my estimation there are about thirty percent Chinese in Malaysia, if not more, especially so in Melaka who have Chinese ancestry, with some having closer anscestry than the others.

And each time I started to discuss the matter, I discovered my Melayu friends who said their mother, grandmother, grandfather and great-grandmother or great-grandfather was Chinese.

It is not surprising but mostly sad that the history of Chinese immigration to Tanah Melayu or Nusantara Melayu has not been dwelt with before. Is there fear in discussing such issues?

So the program on the matter broadcast on TV3 was certainly welcome, despite its flaws.

And not surprisingly, too, the history of Chinese immigration to Tanah Melayu especially has never been written in the forms of novels or produced as a feature film or television drama serial, except for 'Kinta 1881', which seems to concentrate on the gangsterism and triad activities of the early Chinese of Tanah Melayu.

No wonder the film bombed, simply because the Chinese in Malaysia today especially the younger generation, do not have much fascination on the history of their ancestors. They prefer fantasy films produced by Hong Kong studios over the China-produced ones which deal mostly with their ancient history and recent social and cultural developments experienced by the new generation of Mainland Chinese.

But the most interesting aspect of this episode on the Chinese immigration to Tanah Melayu was the role played by the Melayu hosts, who welcome the Chinese who comprised mostly of the young and confused and sickly, which has never been acknowledged before.

For without Melayu support for them, most of them would not have survived a week living in Tanah Melayu.

And no wonder, too, one could find a tiny Chinese store selling all sorts of things right in the middle of a rural Melayu village, serving the community, with the Melayu supporting it, simply because the Melayu wanted to help the Chinese out.

If the Melayu villagers had wanted to be nasty, they could have boycotted the store causing the Chinese to seek employment as coolies, cutting grass and carrying water for the wealthy Melayu.

In fact, many wealthy Melayu then had Chinese women as 'amahs' and other servants. Those who live in the towns could find employment being active in the Triads or 'kongsi' groups, extorting money from small Chinese establishments up to the late 1960s when the Triad groups started to diminish in numbers as the economy grows and many being able to get proper education.

Many of the early Chinese boys were processed in Singapore and later taken to the different states in Semenanjung Tanah Melayu or Melayu Peninsula.

It was only much later that tin was found in Perak that drove many Chinese boys and men to go there since there was easy employment that they could get there.

Many Chinese and Malaysians in the country also do not realize that the Chinese were forbidden by the Chin Dynasty emperor from leaving China; those who left are considered to be 'traitors', and should they return, they would be arrested and hanged.

The only provision available for the Chinese to leave China then was for them to not return, ever; and that they should abide by the laws of the countries they are in and for them to follow the local ways and adopt their lifestyles and languages.

This was what the early Chinese Babas and Nyonyas had done when they embraced Melayu cultures and lifestyles without losing their own peculiar identity, so much so that they stopped speaking in Chinese especially Hokkien.

And if one were to look at the experiences in other countries, especially the Philippines, Thailand, Myanmar, Vietnam, Cambodia and Laos, one can say that the Chinese immigrants to these countries had adapted themselves well, despite the fact that in Indonesia they were forced by law to do so.

And because only men initially fled from China to Indonesia or Jawa Island, one can say that most of the Jawa living in the northern part of the Jawa Island have Chinese ancestries, with their grand-fathers and great-grandfathers being Chinese.

No wonder, even till today, when one looks carefully in the faces of many Jawa, one can see Chinese features.

Only much later Chinese women were able to go to Jawa where they marry their own kinds so that a group of Chinese-Indonesians was established. One such Chinese-Indonesian woman is the mother of Lee Kuan Yew who was born in Semarang, Jawa in Indonesia. She married another Chinese-Indonesian man who then went to Singapore.

So Kuan Yew can be said to be Chinese with Indonesian ties, whose father came to Singapore for other opportunities which was to expand on his business.


Snubbed Nose, Yellow Skinned Canto/Madarin-Malay Speaking

Posted: 26 May 2013 12:38 PM PDT

You Boleh Nyanyi Negara Ku Ah? Apa Rukun Negara? Lu Olang Mana? Mana IC? Berapa Lama Lu Duduk Malaysia? Mana Dapat Ini IC? You Bangla Ah? Bangla Sohai! Saya Pukul Sama Lu!

These are just a few sayings that GE 13 has made famous by the very people propagating racial equality and tolerance.

Parwaiz Win 

It cannot be denied what occurred was none other than racial profiling of anyone who was either dark skinned or had Indian features of some kind. You could have dressed down for the day and you would immediately be looked upon with suspicion by the self-appointed vigilante groups who felt it was their duty to protect our elections from phantom voters.

To date, we have yet to see any concrete evidence from the opposition to prove to us that Bangladeshis were brought in to vote for the government. The run up to the elections saw a malicious lie perpetuated by sinister pro opposition supporters who spammed our Facebook accounts with stories of so called planes loaded with foreigners coming in to vote, Bangladeshi Prime Minister allegedly saying she can get a Malaysia citizenship easily and other sensational stories to accuse the government of fraud and manipulation.

All have now proven to be false, including the much debated blackouts during polling day which opposition figures from those seats have rebuked such rumours. But yet the so called tech savvy educated urbanites and their now enlightened political minds seem to find it hard to accept the truth when it is staring at them in their faces. Maybe, tech savvy they are but they surely fell short on the power to reason when it mattered. The sheer logistics of what they accuse the government of doing is mind-boggling to anyone with half a brain. This of course is a totally another topic. Excuse me for deviating.

Going back to racial profiling; if you were dressed down, looked as if you jumped out of bed without a shower, had tanned skin with sharp features; you were a confirmed foreigner out to steal the rights of Malaysians. As it has been shown in numerous clips in YouTube, and the people who predominantly did such racial profiling were non other then, stubbed nosed, yellow skin and speaking Canto Malay speaking. I for one got confused. When did Malaysia become a nation where a person who is dark skinned and with sharp features automatically become a Bangladeshi?

One can just browse YouTube and we can see numerous cases where innocent people were stopped just based on their looks. Nothing concrete till date has been brought forward besides clips which really do not prove the person voted, had the intention to vote or even had a Malaysian identification card. But yet, the tech savvy,  snubbed nose, yellow skin… Canto/Mandarin-Malay speaking community (their version of speaking Bahasa Malaysia) continued to believe whatever they read and saw online. This truly amazes me how gullible people can be or maybe it's just the racist in them coming out when the opportunity came forward.

Endless cursing and psychological and emotional threats; 'Sohai Lu Bangla .. Lu Duduk Sini, Tak da Olang Pukul Lu!!'. Who the hell made these people jury and judge? Their very actions are contrary to what they supposedly stand for but in reality it was just a charade. They were nothing but racist bigots who profiled individuals and made malicious accusations.

I saw one clip on online where 3 snubbed nose, yellow skinned Canto/Mandarin-Malay speaking individuals tried to question the legality of a dressed down, tanned skin individual with sharp features only to be put in their rightful place.

Another incident involved a group of tanned skinned, dressed for a Sunday with sharp features again racial profiled by snubbed nose, yellow skin, Canto-Malay speaking individuals. Yet again … our snubbed nose, yellow skinned Canto-Malay speaking individuals got it wrong. What surprised me was no one called them racist for profiling individuals. But if it was done to them, they would be saying, we are treated like second class citizens and are asked to go back to where their forefathers came from.

Here's another incident where snubbed nosed, yellow skinned Canto-Malay speaking individuals have accused an innocent person of being a phantom voter just because of his looks. Threats and harassment without proof. Are we supposed to allow such behaviours? Who made these snubbed nose wanna be gangsters jury and judge? Is this the Malaysia under such people? Maybe, its time when we see snubbed nose, yellow skinned Canto/Mandarin-Malay speaking individuals; we ask them for their IC and accuse them of being pimps, illegal dvd sellers, prostitutes and triad members? I for one will give them the benefit of doubt even though my racial profiling tendencies would make me think that; but my higher conscious and not being a racist would stop me from profiling them.

Who is to be blamed for the high handed actions of such individuals? The government? Why the government? They have without skipping a heart beat been the denying the existence of Bangladeshi voters. It has been the opposition leaders with the help of the so called 'Red Bean Army' who have laid the foundation for such hatred leading up to the elections with innuendo, accusations, doctored pictures and edited text who until this very date have not been able to bring one person forward with concrete proof; these are the real enemies of the nation. Surprisingly… NOT , the so called Red Bean Army is made up of snubbed nose, yellow skinned Canto/Mandarin-Malay speaking punks.

There are countless clips of so called phantom voters online but not one really proves anything besides accusations being hurled. Where is the proof? Did anyone see a clip of a phantom voter with a fake identification in hand? Don't show a doctored clip or a clip that was staged. Be real! Win elections not on half-truths and lies but on merit.

In the end, GE 13 is past us and we are still waiting for these alleged tens and thousands of phantom voters that the government brought in. Not one has been apprehended by these snubbed nose, yellow skinned Canto/Mandarin-Malay speaking racist profilers. Logically one can only conclude that the whole fiasco about alleged Bangladeshi voters was nothing but a psychological warfare to ingrain doubt and suspicion on the Election Commission and the incumbents.  

There is a saying 'If you eliminate the impossible (bringing in Tens and thousand of Bangladeshis to vote for GE 13 which PR has failed to provide proof), whatever remains (BN denying rumours), however improbable (BN winning the election), must be the truth.

I am now ready for accusations by people who I care little about calling me a racist; little do these very people know, if I were to become a racist, it is because of their actions. Mine is nothing but a reaction to their doings. One cannot be accused of murder if one is defending oneself from an attacker.

I am quite certain, the actions of these snubbed nosed, yellow skinned Canto/Mandarin-Malay speaking individuals this past election will not be forgotten by those who were at the receiving end. Like it or not, there will be repercussions, one cannot expect to go about living as if one did not do anything wrong. When you wrong people, the people who got mistreated will come back to haunt you when you least expect. Hence, sleep with one eye open my dear 'snubbed nose, yellow skinned Canto/Mandarin-Malay speaking friends!'. Your nightmare has just begun.


Red Bean Army?

Posted: 26 May 2013 12:32 PM PDT 

Let me state clearly and categorically that until a few days ago when I came across the Utusan Malaysia series of write-ups on the so-called "Red Bean Army", I have not heard of the term before. 

Lim Kit Siang 

Claims that DAP spends RM108 million in past six years to employ a 200-strong Red Bean Army of cybertroopers a total figment of imagination of Utusan Malaysia and failed UMNO/BN propagandists

Yesterday, the UMNO "lies-paper" Utusan Malaysia front-paged "Perangi Red Bean Army – Pelbagai pihak gesa kerajaan pinda Akta Komunikasi dan Multimedia" while today another UMNO mouthpiece New Straits Times headlined "'Anwar using Red Bean Army to incite hatred'".

Suddenly, the "Red Bean Army" has become the vogue of attack of the gutter press of UMNO/BN.

Even the truculent and belligerent new Home Minister, Datuk Seri Dr. Ahmad Zahid Hamidi was roped into the propaganda "circus" with him declaring that the Home Ministry, via the police, will work together with the Malaysian Communications and Multimedia Commission (MCMC) as well as Malaysian CyberSecurityj to check immediately the channelling of contents by certain cybertrooper groups which violate social media laws.

How much I had wished that the police, the MCMC and Malaysian CyberSecurity had identified the culprits and cleaned up the racism and poison spewed by UMNO/Barisan Nasional cybertroopers on the Internet during the 13th general elections, in particular those which had targetted me and the DAP as either having caused the May 13 riots in 1969, or all the lies and falsehoods to paint a picture that I am anti-Malay, anti-Islam and anti-Malay Rulers.

But absolutely nothing had been done.

Now they are pointing their fingers at DAP for spending RM15 million a year to employ a 200-strong Red Bean Army of cybertroopers to attack Umno/BN leaders on the cyberspace, which is a total figment of the imagination of Utusan Malaysia and failed Umno/BN propagandists.

Yesterday's Utusan, for instance, alleged that the DAP employs 200 Red Bean Army (RBA) cybertroopers who are paid RM3,000 a month since six years ago; that the DAP expenditures for the Red Bean Army (RBA) is some RM1.5 million a month, split into two parts with one operating from a hotel in Kuala Lumpur and the other based in Komtar in Penang – all these are modern-day fairy tales completely without one iota of truth in them!

According to the Utusan report, the modus operandi of the Red Bean Army cybertroopers is to attack any politician, businessman or entertainer who are seen as pro-BN via facebook, tweet, YouTube in order to arouse racial hatred of Chinese voters against them.

Let me state clearly and categorically that until a few days ago when I came across the Utusan Malaysia series of write-ups on the so-called "Red Bean Army", I have not heard of the term before.

If Utusan and the Umno/BN propagandists are right, that DAP has under its wing some 200 cybertroopers who are paid RM3,000 a month for the past six years – this would mean a monthly outlay of some RM600,000 a month, RM7.2 million a year or a total budget of RM43.2 million in the past six years!

Further, if DAP spends RM1.5 million a month on the cybertroopers, in six years the budget would have come to a shattering RM108 million!

DAP just does not have this type of money although to UMNO/BN, this is just a drop in the ocean of their funds!

DAP does not pay a single sen to any cybertroopers, unlike UMNO/BN which used hundreds of millions of ringgit of public funds to organise Social Media Conventions all over the country to raise an army of 10,000 Umno/BN cybertroopers in the run-up to the 13th general elections.

Should we call this 10,000 Umno/BN cybertroopers the Belachan Army, Ikan Bakar Army or Cincin Army?

Let Zahid or the Prime Minister Datuk Seri Najib Razak give Malaysians a full and proper accounting of the Umno/BN "Belanchan, Ikan Bakar or Cincin" army of cybertroopers!


Undi Melebihi Kertas Undi Dikeluarkan Di Dalam Peti Undi, Kesalahan Membeli Undi Yang Berleluasa

Posted: 26 May 2013 12:18 PM PDT 

Pulau Pinang adalah salah satu negeri yang menyaksikan persaingan sengit dalam PRU13, terutamanya di kawasan-kawasan majoriti Melayu yang kebanyakannya ditandingi KEADILAN.

Rafizi Ramli 

KEADILAN tewas tipis di Parlimen Balik Pulau (majoriti kalah 1,539, undi rosak 612) dan di kerusi-kerusi DUN dibawahnya iaitu Telok Bahang (majoriti kalah 801, undi rosak 167) dan Pulau Betong (majoriti kalah 395, kertas undi tidak dikembalikan 223).

Siasatan awal menunjukkan penyelewengan-penyelewengan berikut yang telah berlaku:


Bagi pengundian di saluran 2, SRJK(C) Yu Chye (Kod Daerah Mengundi 053/40/05), keputusan rasmi berdasarkan Borang13 (jumlah kertas undi yang dikeluarkan) dan Borang14 (jumlah undi diperolehi oleh setiap calon) menunjukkan bahawa jumlah kertas undi yang berada di dalam peti undi selepas pengundian adalah lebih banyak dari jumlah kertas undi yang dikeluarkan awalnya.

Borang 13 (Penyata Kertas Undi) bagi saluran 2 bagi Parlimen Balik Pulau menunjukkan bahawa sebanyak 424 kertas undi dikeluarkan. Nombor siri yang didaftarkan bagi 424 kertas undi ini juga turut mencurigakan kerana nyata berlainan dari bilangan kertas undi yang diterima dari Pegawai Pengurus, seolah-olah ada set kertas undi yang berlainan.


Selepas pengiraan dibuat dan keputusan dipindahkan ke Borang 14 (Penyata Pengundian Selepas Pengiraan Undi), keputusan bagi saluran 2, SRJK(C) Yu Chye menunjukkan terdapat 562 undi di dalam peti undi, iaitu 138 undi melebihi dari jumlah kertas undi yang telah dikeluarkan.



Lebih teruk lagi, keputusan rasmi seperti yang tertera di Borang 14 bagi Parlimen Balik Pulau telah diisytiharkan sebagai keputusan bagi DUN Telok Bahang iaitu salah satu DUN di bawah Parlimen Balik Pulau. Helaian mata (scoresheet) bagi N40 Telok Bahang seperti Borang SPR760 mukasurat 2/2 menunjukkan bahawa keputusan saluran 2 (jumlah kertas undi 562, undi PKR 369) adalah bersamaan dengan keputusan Borang 14 bagi keputusan Parlimen.



Ketiga-tiga borang rasmi yang mengandungi keputusan yang salah dan mencurigakan, terutamanya undi di dalam peti yang lebih telah menyelewengkan keputusan bagi parlimen dan DUN diantara 138 hingga 318 undi. Dengan majoriti yang rendah dan undi rosak yang tinggi, keputusan di saluran 2 ini sahaja sudah cukup untuk mengubah keputusan di peringkat Parlimen Balik Pulau dan DUN Telok Bahang.

Ketiga-tiga borang ini tetap dikeluarkan oleh Ketua Tempat Mengundi, Muhamad Shukri bin Din walaupun dibantah oleh ejen calon yang hadir ditempat pengundian. Oleh kerana Ketua Tempat Mengundi berkeras tidak akan memberikan salinan borang-borang jika tidak ditandatangani (yang membolehkan lebih banyak manipulasi berlaku), ejen calon akhirnya menandatangani untuk mendapatkan salinan.

Kejadian ini membuktikan bahawa peristiwa undi yang dikira melebihi dari kertas undi yang mulanya dikeluarkan memang berlaku. Ia berlaku di Balik Pulau dan sudah tentu juga berlaku di tempat-tempat lain, walaupun semua laporan tidak mungkin boleh dikumpul oleh #siasatpru13.

Ia juga mempersoalkan ketelusan dan kecekapan SPR mengendalikan pilihanraya apabila masalah kecil seperti kesilapan tertukar keputusan di antara calon parlimen dan DUN masih boleh berlaku.


Seperti yang telah dilaporkan seperti ini, kesalahan membeli undi berlaku dengan berleluasa terutamanya di Pulau Pinang sepanjang PRU13. Parlimen Balik Pulau juga tidak terkecuali dan beberapa rakaman telah dibuat menunjukkan orang ramai beratur untuk menukar baucer yang diberikan dengan wang tunai di sebuah kedai di DUN Pulau Betong (rujuk 2 video yang disertakan).

Perkara yang sama juga telah berlaku di DUN Bayan Lepas, satu lagi DUN di bawah Parlimen Balik Pulau bertempat di premis bernombor Lot 25, Lorong Helang 3, Sungai Dua. Satu laporan polis telah dibuat oleh Dato' Abdul Halim Hussain mengenai perkara ini pada 10 Mei 2013, iaitu hari kejadiaan (laporan polis disertakan bersama).



Kedua-dua contoh yang disertakan menunjukkan bahawa penyelewengan dan penipuan yang melanggar akta-akta bersabit pilihanraya telah berlaku dan mengukuhkan lagi pandangan umum bahawa penipuan berleluasa telah berlaku dalam PRU13 yang lepas.

Sementara bukti-bukti ini akan dipertimbangkan di dalam petisyen pilihanraya, KEADILAN akan terus mendedahkannya kepada pihak media dan awam untuk membuktikan bahawa penipuan memang berlaku dalam PRU13.



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