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GE13 by State seats

Posted: 05 May 2013 03:00 PM PDT

GE13 by Parliamentary seats

Posted: 05 May 2013 02:59 PM PDT

Few PKR leaders see decline in majority

Posted: 05 May 2013 02:40 PM PDT

PKR contested 99 parliamentary seats and won 30 seats in this general election, compared to 2008 when it contested 95 seats and won 31.


A few PKR top leaders saw a decline in their majority votes in the 13th general election despite the Pakatan Rakyat party winning four more parliamentary seats to take its tally to 30 compared to the seats held at the time of dissolution of the last Dewan Rakyat.

The four additional seats are Batu Pahat (Johor), Bukit Katil (Melaka), Penampang (Sabah) and Miri (Sarawak).

PKR adviser Anwar Ibrahim retained his stronghold of Permatang Pauh in Penang but suffered a drop in the majority vote to 11,721 from the 15,671 in 2008.

It was a similar story in the case of Anwar's daughter and PKR vice-president Nurul Izzah and PKR deputy president Mohamed Azmin Ali, whose majority votes dropped in their retention of the Lembah Pantai and Gombak parliamentary seats, respectively.

Nurul Izzah beat Federal Territories and Urban Well-being Minister Raja Nong Chik Zainal Abidin by 1,847 votes. In 2008, she had defeated Wanita Umno chief Shahrizat Abdul Jalil by 2,895 votes.

Mohamed Azmin obtained a 4,734-vote majority compared with 6,867 votes in the 2008 general election.

Nevertheless PKR vice-presidents Tian Chua and Fuziah Salleh as well as supreme council member Abdul Khalid Ibrahim and Wanita chief Zuraida Kamaruddin increased their majority votes in the Batu, Kuantan and Bandar Tun Razak parliamentary constituencies, respectively.

PKR's new face, Mohd Rafizi Ramli, who is the party's strategy director, managed to capture the Pandan parliamentary seat with a majority of 26,729 votes against Lim Chin Yee of the Barisan Nasional and independent candidate Tan Yew Leng.

Elsewhere, Saifuddin Nasution Ismail, Chua Jui Meng and Dr Abdul Aziz Bari failed in the Kulim-Bandar Baharu, Segamat and Sabak Bernam parliamentary constituencies.

Saifuddin, the PKR secretary-general, was Machang MP; Jui Meng, who is PKR vice-president and Johor PKR chairman, joined PKR in 2009 while Abdul Aziz, a former law lecturer at the International Islamic University of Malaysia, was a new face.

PKR contested 99 parliamentary seats and won 30 seats in this general election, compared to 2008 when it contested 95 seats and won 31.

However, five PKR MPs quit the party and declared themselves Independent MPs, reducing the party's parliamentary seats to 26.

Pakatan Rakyat retained power in Selangor, Kelantan and Penang in the 13th general election.

PKR secured 14 state seats and nine parliamentary seats in Selangor, one state seat in Kelantan and 10 state seats and three parliamentary seats in Penang.


‘Najib may step down end of year’

Posted: 05 May 2013 02:34 PM PDT

Former prime minister Dr Mahathir Mohamad, still a powerful figure in Umno, told Reuters last year that Najib must improve on the 140 seats won in 2008 or his position would be unstable.


Malaysian Prime Minister Najib Tun Razak could step down by the end of the year, ruling party sources said on Monday, after his coalition extended its 56-year rule but haemorrhaged Chinese and Malay voters in its worst-ever general election performance.

Najib, 59, was already under pressure from conservatives in his ruling party for not delivering a stronger majority in Sunday's election despite a robust economy and a $2.6 billion deluge of social handouts to poor families.

Najib's Barisan Nasional won 133 seats in the 222-member parliament, well short of the two-thirds majority it lost in 2008. Anwar Ibrahim's Pakatan Rakyat won 89 seats, up seven from the 2008 election but still well short of unseating one of the world's longest-serving governments.

"We could see Najib step down by the end of this year," said a senior official in the dominant Umno which leads the coalition.

"He may put up a fight, we don't know, but he has definitely performed worse. He does not have so much bargaining power," said the official, who spoke on condition of anonymity.

Former prime minister Dr Mahathir Mohamad, still a powerful figure in Umno, told Reuters last year that Najib must improve on the 140 seats won in 2008 or his position would be unstable.

Kuala Lumpur's stock market surged 7.8 percent on Monday to a record high on investor relief that the untested opposition had failed to take power. The Malaysian ringgit jumped to a 20-month high.

Ethnic Chinese who make up a quarter of Malaysians continued to desert Barisan Nasional, accelerating a trend seen in 2008. Alarmingly for Najib, support from majority ethnic Malays also weakened, the Umno source said, a sign that middle-class Malays are agitating for change.

"Malay unity is at stake here. Some of the Malays are rejecting Umno. That is obvious," the source said.

Anwar cries foul

Ethnic Chinese have turned to the opposition, attracted by its pledge to tackle corruption and end race-based policies favoring ethnic Malays in business, education and housing.

"We will work towards more moderate and accommodative policies for the country," a grim-faced Najib told a news conference after the majority was confirmed. "We have tried our best but other factors have happened … We didn't get much support from the Chinese for our development plans."

Barisan Nasional also failed to win back the crucial industrial state of Selangor, near the capital Kuala Lumpur, which Najib had vowed to achieve.

Voting was marred by irregularities, said Anwar, 65, a former deputy prime minister in the 1990s who was sacked after falling out with his former boss, Mahathir. His three-party opposition alliance had been optimistic of a historic victory, buoyed by huge crowds at recent rallies.

But as counting went late into Sunday night, it became clear that his fractious opposition had failed to pull off what would have been the biggest election upset in Malaysia's history.

After claiming an improbable early win, Anwar later rejected the result as "fraudulent". He had accused the coalition of flying up to 40,000 "dubious" voters, including foreigners, across the country to vote in close races. The government says it was merely helping voters get to home towns to vote.

Bank of America Merrill Lynch economists expect the government to focus on fiscal consolidation after a string of populist pre-election handouts. They expect cuts to fuel subsidies in the second half and a consumption tax next year.

It cited some risks, however, including Umno elections in October and November when Najib may be challenged.

"Once the dust and excitement has settled, you will see that it's not only the Chinese which were siphoned off from Barisan Nasional. There was a mini-Malay wave in the urban areas against Umno," said another senior Umno official.

"In the next round of elections within Umno, you will see some dissidents emerging and asking for Najib to resign," said the official, who has held cabinet positions in government. He said Mahathir would be among those who back the dissidents.

Racial polarisation

The 2008 result signalled a breakdown in traditional politics as minority ethnic Chinese and ethnic Indians, as well as many majority Malays, rejected Barisan Nasional's brand of race-based patronage that has ensured stability but led to corruption and widening inequality.

Ethnic Chinese parties affiliated with Barisan Nasional suffered heavy losses in 2008 and were punished by voters again on Sunday. Its ethnic Chinese MCA party won just five seats, down from 15 in 2008.

That leaves Barisan Nasional dominated more than ever by ethnic Malays, who make up about 60 percent of the population, increasing a trend of racial polarisation in the country.

The benchmark FTSE Bursa Malaysia KLCI Index hit a lifetime high of 1,826.22, with stocks linked to the coalition and its favored tycoons gaining handsomely.

Malaysia's second-largest lender by assets, CIMB Group Holdings Bhd, rose 8.8 percent. Its chief executive, Nazir Razak, is Najib's brother. Hospitals operator IHH Healthcare Bhd added 6.7 percent and energy services firm SapuraKencana Petroleum Bhd jumped 8.9 percent.

Australia's Lynas Corp Ltd, which is building the world's largest rare earths plant outside China in Malaysia, jumped 13 percent.

"There was a concern that the opposition would move fairly quickly against Lynas given that there were a number of groups actively protesting against the plant," said Michael McCarthy, chief market strategist at CMC Markets in Sydney.


DAP now the second largest party in Malaysia

Posted: 05 May 2013 02:29 PM PDT

(BERNAMA) - DAP secured over 70% of the total number of parliamentary seats it contested in the 13th general election, winning 38 of the 51 seats as party adviser Lim Kit Siang made an inroad into the Barisan Nasional's stronghold of Johor.

At the Gelang Patah parliamentary seat in Johor, Lim ousted former menteri besar Abdul Ghani Othman by securing a 14,762-vote majority.

Party insiders attributed this, among others, to the high voter turnout of 89.1% at the constituency compared with the nationwide estimate of between 70% and 80% announced by the Election Commission.

Lim's success was also due to the backing of the Chinese voters in the constituency.

Besides Gelang Patah, DAP candidates also won Kluang, Bakri and Kulai, but lost in Labis and Tanjong Piai.

In the 12th general election in 2008, DAP won 28 parliamentary seats.

Meanwhile, DAP secretary-general Lim Guan Eng retained his Bagan parliamentary constituency with a 34,159-vote majority, Air Puteh state seat with over 7,700-vote majority. Penang Barisan Nasional chaiman Teng Chang Yeow announced his resignation within hours after poll results were announced by taking full responsibility over the failure to wrest the state from Pakatan Rakyat.

In Kuala Lumpur, DAP won all five parliamentary seats the party contested, namely in Kepong, Segambut, Bukit Bintang, Seputeh and Cheras.

In Perak, all its seven candidates won with a comfortable margin of votes in most of the Chinese majority parliamentary seats of Taiping, Ipoh Timor, Ipoh Barat, Batu Gajah, Beruas, Kampar and Telok Intan.

Selangor also saw DAP maintain its grip on Puchong (Gobind Singh Deo), PJ Utara (Tony Pua) and Klang (Charles Santiago). Newcomer Ong Kian Ming also managed to ward off BN's Yap Pian Hon.

In Malacca, DAP's Sim Tong Him retained the Kota Melaka parliamentary seat, but failed in its bid for Alor Gajah constituency via Damian Yeo Shen Li, while Seremban and Rasah remained in the party's grasp.

In Sabah, DAP won in Kota Kinabalu and Sandakan, but failed in Sepanggar and Putatan.

While voters in Sarawak, especially in Bandar Kuching, Stampin, Lanang, Sarikei and Sibu, picked DAP candidates as their representatives in Parliament, those in Mas Gading, Serian, Mukah, Kapit, Bintulu and Lawas constituencies chose the BN.


Malaysia's Barisan Ekes Out Diminished Win

Posted: 05 May 2013 01:48 PM PDT

Racial lines harden as corrupt electoral rules trump desire for change

Asia Sentinel 

Malaysia's ruling Barisan Nasional won a bitter and disputed election Sunday, taking 133 seats in the 222-member national parliament to 89 for the opposition Pakatan Rakyat while at the same time the three-party opposition appears to have narrowly won the popular vote by a 50-49 margin. 

As expected, gerrymandering and misallocation of seats provided the Barisan with its margin of victory in the parliament -- what William Case, a professor in the Department of Asian and International Studies and former director of the Southeast Asia Research Center at City University of Hong Kong, called "grievous forms of gerrymandering and malapportionment, a partisan use of civil servants and state resources, extensive vote-buying, off-the-cuff development grants, a badly distorted electoral roll, a pliable election commission, a misrepresentative first-past-the-post system, an absurdly abused media, and a worrying usage of goons."

Opposition Leader Anwar Ibrahim held a press conference following the vote, which recorded a historic turnout of more than 80 percent, to say "irregularities" had cost his Pakatan coalition numerous seats which it lost by narrow margins. There was considerable change as Anwar's coalition dominated urban areas, with Pakatan Rakyat picking up 21 seats from the Barisan but losing 15, an indication of the dramatic swing among Chinese voters away from the Barisan.

Anwar said he would refuse to accept the verdict unless the Election Commission deals with widespread complaints of voter fraud, which is highly unlikely since the election commission is a unit of the prime minister's office.

The Barisan took back the northern state of Kedah from the opposition on the strength of the candidacy for chief minister of former Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad's son Mukhriz, and managed to defend itself in Perak, which the opposition won in 2008 but lost when three opposition party members switched to independent after the vote. That leaves Pakatan with three of the country's most populous and richest urban states, by a two-thirds margin in each. The coalition also made inroads in the UMNO stronghold of Johor, where venerable Democratic Action Party leader Lim Kit Siang won a seat.

The Barisan followed a strategy that exacerbated what was already a growing divide between majority ethnic Malays, who make up 60.1 percent of the population, and the wealthier, urban Chinese, who make up about 25 percent. In a word, the racial divide is now a chasm, with the country seemingly having abandoned the historic racial mix of ethnic Malay, Indian and Chinese parties that had ruled the country since independence for 56 years. And with the Chinese dominating private investment, outside government-linked companies, that raises questions where the private economy goes from here.

The question is now whether Prime Minister Najib Tun Razak can retain his seat at the top of the party and the government. Mahathir, who remains a kingmaker at age 87, told reporters earlier that Najib had to improve on the 140 seats the Barisan Nasional won in 2008. His protege, deputy premier Muhyiddin Yassin, has been widely rumored to be after Najib's job. It was Mahathir who in 2009 engineered the departure of Najib's predecessor, Abdullah Ahmad Badawi, after the coalition's poor showing in 2008.

If Muhyiddin takes over, there are questions whether Najib's 1Malaysia Economic Transformation Program, which included doing away with some of the affirmative action programs that give privilege to ethnic Malays, will survive.

The election was dogged by charges of ghost voting, vote-buying and outright intimidation. Police recorded more than 2,000 incidents of various kinds of violence. In the waning moments of the campaign, Najib issued US$2.6 billion worth of handouts to his ethnic Malay base.

The two Barisan Chinese parties have almost totally collapsed, with the Malaysian Chinese Association seats in the national coalition falling from 15 to six. In an indication of just how badly the drubbing was, the MCA was contesting 37 national seats and 90 seats in state assemblies but won only 10. Gerakan fell to one seat from to two. By contrast, the Democratic Action Party, the ethnic Chinese component of the Pakatan Rakyat coalition, won 38 seats, up 10 from 2008.

The Malaysian Indian Congress fared somewhat better, taking four of the nine seats it contested.

The hoped-for surge of middle-class Malays for Anwar's Parti Keadilan Rakyat didn't happen, with the party taking 30, down one from the previous election. Parti Islam se-Malaysia's strategy to moderate its religious views also seems not to have much of an impact. PAS's total fell by two seats, to 21. In the state of Negeri Sembilan, where PAS was expecting to improve, it lost all 10 of the seats it contested.

The seven seats the opposition coalition picked up were all in the East Malaysia states of Sabah and Sarawak.

Read more at: 


In GE13, BN wins Malay heartland, Pakatan the cities

Posted: 05 May 2013 12:46 PM PDT 

(TMI) - There are two Malaysias. One from the Malay heartland that swung back to Barisan Nasional (BN) on Datuk Seri Najib Razak's 1 Malaysia campaign to retake Kedah and run the country despite a smaller federal majority in Election 2013.

The other is a multiracial Malaysia that gave more votes, federal and state seats to Pakatan Rakyat (PR) especially in cities and towns, reflecting the growing rural-urban divide of a fast-developing nation.

The record 80 per cent turnout from the 12.9 million voters eligible to cast their ballots in yesterday's general election and close results in BN victories reveal hardcore support for either coalitions, firming the idea of a two-party system in Malaysia.

And the divided loyalties of the majority Malays between being grateful to BN that has developed Malaysia in its 56 years of unbroken rule or taking the promise of equity from three parties campaigning against cronyism and corruption that they blame on the ruling coalition. In the end, BN won 133 federal seats and Pakatan took 89.

"I think they were taken in by some of the undertakings given by the opposition... and that's why there was that swing.... and a lot of sentiments there, some of them racial in nature, that were being played up in this election, which is not very healthy for this country," Najib told reporters at the Umno headquarters early this morning, shortly after a simple majority victory cemented BN's place in Putrajaya.

"I expected it but I did not expect it to this extent. None of us expected it to this extent. But despite the extent of the swing against us, BN did not fall," he added.

Read more at: 


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